Languages existed: Since about 100,000 BC
First Language: Sumerian or Egyptian (about 3200 BC)
Living languages: 6912
Languages that are nearly extinct: 516
7,000 dialects. A dialect is a regional variety of a language
More than 1,000 different languages are spoken on the continent of Africa
Somalia the only African country which the entire population speaks the same language, Somali
Greatest number of native speakers: Mandarin Chinese
Greatest number of non-native speakers: English (250 million to 350 million non-native speakers)
Country with the most languages spoken: Papua New Guinea has 820 living languages.
The most translated document: Universal Declaration Of Human Rights, written by the United Nations in 1948, has been translated into 321 languages and dialects.
Here is a list of the top 10 languages
1.Mandarin 885 million
2. Spanish 332 million
3. English 322 million
4. Bengali 189 million
5. Hindi 182 million
6. Portuguese 170 million
7. Russian 170 million
8. Japanese 125 million
9. German 98 million
10. Wu 77 million
78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, 0.9% argon, 0.03% carbon dioxide
Population:6.7 Billion People
Earths Surface:70.9% water & 29.1% land
Countries: There are 197 countries in the world today. Unless you don't count Taiwan…and Tibet. Taiwan is not considered an official country by many, which would bring the count down to 194 countries. Although Taiwan operates as an independent country, many countries (including the U.S.) do not officially recognize it as one. Because the People's Republic of China considers Taiwan a breakaway province of China, countries who wish to maintain diplomatic relations with China have had to sever their formal relations with Taiwan (more than 100 countries, however, have unofficial relations with Taiwan).
How many countries belong to the United Nations? 192 countries are UN members. The exceptions are Taiwan (in 1971, the UN ousted Taiwan and replaced it with the People's Republic of China) and Vatican City. Kosovo is not yet a member. The newest UN members are Switzerland (2002) and Montenegro (2006).
What are the world's newest countries? The world's newest country is Kosovo, which declared independence from Serbia in February 2008. Before that, the newest country was Montenegro, which became a country in June 2006, after splitting off from Serbia. Since 1990, 28 new nations have come into being. Many of these emerged from the collapse of the Soviet Union (14 countries) and the breakup of the former Yugoslavia (7 countries). See our Guide to New Nations.
Are there still any countries that have colonies? There are 61 colonies or territories in the world. Eight countries maintain them: Australia (6), Denmark (2), Netherlands (2), France (16), New Zealand (3), Norway (3), the United Kingdom (15), and the United States (14). See Territories, Colonies, and Dependencies for a list of the world's colonies and what countries administrate them, p. 663.
Are there still territories in the world that are claimed by more than one country? There are six major disputed territories in the world: the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, the Paracel Islands, Spratly Islands, Western Sahara, and Antarctica (about a dozen nations have laid claims to portions of it). In addition, there are innumerable other territorial disputes throughout the world, many of which had resulted in ongoing armed conflicts.
Lowest point: Bentley Subglacial Trench -2,540 m
Highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m grows about 4 millimeters a year
Hottest place on earth is Azizia in Libya 136 degrees Fahrenheit (57.8 Celsius) and coldest was in Vostok, Antarctica -129 Fahrenheit (-89 Celsius).
Longest river in the world". Amazon is 4,225 miles (6,800 kilometers) long and the Nile is 4,160 miles long (6,695 kilometers).
Earths highest waterfall is at Angel Falls in Venezuela which drops 3,212 feet (979 meters).
The largest island? Greenland
The largest lake? The Caspian Sea at 152, 239 square miles
The longest mountain range? The Andes of South America measuring 5,000 miles in length
About 90% of the world’s population lives in the Northern Hemisphere.
Not until 1840 was it established that Antarctica was indeed a continent and not just a group of islands